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The Complete A-Z Hairdressing Terms (Part 2)

L is for:

  • Lob – a long bob haircut that falls between the chin and collarbone.
  • Long Layers – a hair cutting technique where the longest layers are cut near the bottom of the hair to create movement and volume.
  • Lowlights – a hair colouring technique where selected strands of hair are darkened to create a contrast with the base colour.

M is for:

  • Melanin – a pigment naturally found in hair that gives it its colour.
  • Mohawk – a hairstyle where the hair is shaved or buzzed on the sides and left longer on the top.
  • Movement – a term used to describe the natural flow and direction of the hair.

N is for:

  • Natural Hair – hair that has not been chemically processed, including relaxers or perms.
  • Nape – the back part of the neck where the hairline meets the skin.
  • Non-Permanent Hair Colour – a hair colouring technique that adds temporary colour to the hair without lifting the natural hair colour.

O is for:

  • Oxidation – the chemical reaction that occurs when hair colour is mixed with a developer, which causes the hair colour to change.
  • Ombre – a hair colouring technique where the hair gradually fades from dark to light.
  • Over-Processed Hair – hair that has been chemically treated too much, causing it to become weak and prone to breakage.

P is for:

  • Pigment – the natural colour of hair, which is determined by the amount and type of melanin present in the hair.
  • Pixie Cut – a short, cropped haircut that is typically cut close to the head.
  • Point Cutting – a hair cutting technique where the ends of the hair are cut at an angle to create texture and movement.

Hairdressing Terms Q-S

Q is for

  • Quick Weave: A hair extension technique where wefts of hair are glued onto a protective cap that is placed on the head before bonding.

R is for

  • Relaxer: A chemical treatment that permanently straightens curly or wavy hair by breaking down the protein structure of the hair.
  • Remy Hair: High-quality human hair that has been carefully collected and aligned to preserve the cuticle and maintain its natural texture.
  • Root Touch-Up: A hair colouring technique used to cover up grey or regrowth near the roots of the hair.

S is for

  • Sebaceous Gland: A gland that produces sebum, an oily substance that moisturizes the hair and scalp.
  • Sebum: An oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands that moisturizes and protects the hair and scalp.
  • Sectioning: The process of dividing hair into sections to facilitate cutting, styling, and colouring.
  • Semi-Permanent Hair Colour: A hair colouring technique that gradually fades over time and lasts up to six weeks.
  • Shag: A layered haircut that creates a messy, textured look.
  • Split Ends: The splitting or fraying of the hair shaft due to damage or lack of moisture.
  • Taper Cut: A men’s haircut where the hair is gradually tapered from the top to the sides and back.
  • Texture: The thickness or thinness of individual hair strands.
  • Thinning the Hair: A technique used to reduce the thickness of the hair by removing bulk.
  • Toner: A semi-permanent hair colour used to neutralize unwanted brassy or yellow tones after bleaching or lightening the hair.
  • Virgin Hair: Hair that has not been chemically processed or coloured.

Hairdressing Terms U-Z

U is for

  • Undercut: A women’s or men’s haircut where the hair on the sides and back is cut short, leaving the hair on top longer.

V is for

  • Volume: The amount of lift and fullness in the hair.

W is for

  • Weave: A hair extension technique where wefts of hair are sewn or bonded onto braided hair.
  • Weft: A track of hair used in hair extensions that can be sewn or bonded onto natural hair.
  • Wig: A hairpiece made of synthetic or human hair that covers the entire scalp.

Z is for

  • Zigzag Part: A hair parting technique where the parting is styled in a zigzag pattern rather than a straight line.
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